耗时3天,上亿数据如何做到秒级查询?

 公司相册     |      2022-07-25 00:13
本文摘要:最近在忙着优化团体公司的一个报表。优化完成后,报表查询速度由从半小时以上(甚至查不出)到秒查的质变。从修改 SQL 查询语句逻辑到决议建立存储历程实现,花了我 3 天多的时间,在此总结一下,希望对朋侪们有资助。数据配景首先项目是西门子中国在我司实施部署的 MES 项目,由于项目是在产线上运作(3 years+),数据累积很大。

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最近在忙着优化团体公司的一个报表。优化完成后,报表查询速度由从半小时以上(甚至查不出)到秒查的质变。从修改 SQL 查询语句逻辑到决议建立存储历程实现,花了我 3 天多的时间,在此总结一下,希望对朋侪们有资助。数据配景首先项目是西门子中国在我司实施部署的 MES 项目,由于项目是在产线上运作(3 years+),数据累积很大。

在项目的数据库中,或许上亿条数据的表有 5 个以上,千万级数据的表 10 个以上,百万级数据的表,许多…(历史问题,当初实施无人羁系,无人监控数据库这块的性能问题。PS:我刚入职不久…)不多说,直接贴西门子中国的开发人员在我司开发的 SSRS 报表中的 SQL 语句:select distinct b.MaterialID as matl_def_id, c.Descript, case when right(b.MESOrderID, 12) < '001000000000' then right(b.MESOrderID, 9) else right(b.MESOrderID, 12) end as pom_order_id, a.LotName, a.SourceLotName as ComLot, e.DefID as ComMaterials, e.Descript as ComMatDes, d.VendorID, d.DateCode,d.SNNote, b.OnPlantID,a.SNCUSTfrom ( select m.lotname, m.sourcelotname, m.opetypeid, m.OperationDate,n.SNCUST from View1 m left join co_sn_link_customer as n on n.SNMes=m.LotName where ( m.LotName in (select val from fn_String_To_Table(@sn,',',1)) or (@sn) = '') and ( m.sourcelotname in (select val from fn_String_To_Table(@BatchID,',',1)) or (@BatchID) = '') and (n.SNCust like '%'+ @SN_ext + '%' or (@SN_ext)='')) aleft join ( select * from Table1 where SNType = 'IntSN' and SNRuleName = 'ProductSNRule' and OnPlantID=@OnPlant) b on b.SN = a.LotNameinner join MMdefinitions as c on c.DefID = b.MaterialIDleft join Table1 as d on d.SN = a.SourceLotName inner join MMDefinitions as e on e.DefID = d.MaterialIDwhere not exists ( select distinct LotName, SourceLotName from ELCV_ASSEMBLE_OPS where LotName = a.SourceLotName and SourceLotName = a.LotName) and (d.DateCode in (select val from fn_String_To_Table(@DCode,',',1)) or (@DCode) = '')and (d.SNNote like '%'+@SNNote+'%' or (@SNNote) = '')and ((case when right(b.MESOrderID, 12) < '001000000000' then right(b.MESOrderID, 9) else right(b.MESOrderID, 12) end) in (select val from fn_String_To_Table(@order_id,',',1)) or (@order_id) = '')and (e.DefID in (select val from fn_String_To_Table(@comdef,',',1)) or (@comdef) = '')--View1是一个嵌套两层的视图(出于保密性,实际名称可能差别),内里有一张上亿数据的表和几张千万级数据的表做左毗连查询--Table1是一个数据记载凌驾1500万的表这个查询语句,实际上通过我的检测和观察,在 B/S 系统前端已无法查出效果,半小时,一小时…因为我直接在 SQL 查询分析器查,半小时都没有效果。(原因是内里对一张上亿级数据表和 3 张千万级数据表做全表扫描查询)不由感伤,西门子中国的素质(或者说责任感)就这样?下面说说我的分析和走的弯路(思维误区),希望对你也有警醒。探索和误区首先相关表的索引,没有建全的,把索引给建上。

索引这步完成后,发现情况还是一样,查询速度险些没有改善。厥后想起相关千万级数据以上的表,都还没有建设表分区。于是思量建设表分区以及数据复制的方案。

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这里有须要说明下:我司报表用的是一个专门的数据库服务器,数据从产线订阅而来。就是常说的“读写分散”。

如果直接在原表上建设表分区,你会发现执行表分区的事物会直接死锁。原因是:表分区操作自己会锁表,产线还在推数据过来,这样很容易“阻塞”,“死锁”。我想好的方案是:建设一个新表(空表),在新表上建好表分区,然后复制数据过来。正计划这么干。

等等!我似乎进入了一个严重的误区!分析:原 SQL 语句和业务需求,是对产线的数据做产物以及序列号的追溯,关键是查询条件里没有有纪律的”条件”(如日期、编号),贸然做了表分区,在这里险些没有意义!反而会降低查询性能!好险!还是一步一步来,先做 SQL 语句分析。对原 SQL 语句的分析对原 SQL 语句的分析如下:查询语句的 where 条件,有大量 @var in … or (@var =”) 的片段。where 条件有 like ‘%’+@var+’%’。where 条件有 case … end 函数。

多次毗连同一表查询,另外使用自己已嵌套的视图表,是不是必须,是否可替代?SQL 语句有号,视图中也有号泛起。优化设计首先是用存储历程改写,利益是设计灵活。焦点思想是:用一个或多个查询条件(查询条件要求至少输入一个)获得暂时表,每个查询条件如果查到荟萃,就更新这张暂时表,最后汇总的时候,只需判断这个暂时表是否有值。

以此类推,可以建设多个暂时表,将查询条件汇总。这样做现在来看至少两点利益:省去了对变量举行 =@var or (@var=”)的判断。扬弃 SQL 拼接,提高代码可读性。

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再有就是在书写存储历程,这个历程中要注意:只管想措施使用暂时表扫描替代全表扫描。扬弃 in 和 not in 语句,使用 exists 和 not exists 替代。和客户确认,模糊查询是否有须要,如没有须要,去掉 like 语句。注意建设适当的,切合场景的索引。

踩死 “*” 号。制止在 where 条件中对字段举行函数操作。

对实时性要求不高的报表,允许脏读(with(nolock))。存储历程如果想参考优化设计片段的详细内容,请参阅 SQL 代码:/** * 某某跟踪报表 **/--exec spName1 '','','','','','','公司代号'CREATE Procedure spName1 @MESOrderID nvarchar(320), --工单号,最多30个 @LotName nvarchar(700), --产物序列号,最多50个 @DateCode nvarchar(500), --供应商批次号,最多30个 @BatchID nvarchar(700), --组装件序列号/物料批号,最多50个 @comdef nvarchar(700), --组装件物料编码,最多30个 @SNCust nvarchar(1600), --外部序列号,最多50个 @OnPlant nvarchar(20) --平台ASBEGIN SET NOCOUNT ON; /** * 1)界说全局的暂时表,先凭据六个查询条件的任意一个,得出暂时表效果 **/ CREATE TABLE #FinalLotName ( LotName NVARCHAR(50), --序列号 SourceLotName NVARCHAR(50), --泉源序列号 SNCust NVARCHAR(128) --外部序列号 ) --1.1 IF @LotName<>'' BEGIN SELECT Val INTO #WorkLot FROM fn_String_To_Table(@LotName,',',1) SELECT LotPK,LotName INTO #WorkLotPK FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkLot b WHERE b.Val=MMLots.LotID) --求SourceLotPK只能在这里求 SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK into #WorkSourcePK FROM MMLotOperations a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkLotPK b WHERE b.LotPK=a.LotPK) AND a.SourceLotPK IS NOT NULL SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK,b.LotName INTO #WorkSourcePK2 FROM #WorkSourcePK a JOIN #WorkLotPK b ON a.LotPK=b.LotPK INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT a.LotName,b.LotName AS SourceLotName,NULL FROM #WorkSourcePK2 a JOIN (SELECT LotPK,LotName FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) ) b on a.SourceLotPK=b.LotPK --b的内里加不加WHERE RowDeleted=0待确定 SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,b.SNCust INTO #FinalLotNameX1 FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER b WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=b.SNMes DELETE FROM #FinalLotName INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust FROM #FinalLotNameX1 END --1.2 IF @BatchID<>'' BEGIN SELECT Val INTO #WorkSourceLot FROM fn_String_To_Table(@BatchID,',',1) IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName)--如果@LotName也不为空 BEGIN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,a.SNCust INTO #FinalLotNameX2 FROM #FinalLotName a WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkSourceLot b WHERE a.SourceLotName=b.Val) DELETE FROM #FinalLotName INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust FROM #FinalLotNameX2 END ELSE --@LotName条件为空 BEGIN SELECT LotPK AS SourceLotPK,LotName AS SourceLotName INTO #2 FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkSourceLot b WHERE b.Val=MMLots.LotID) SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK into #21 FROM MMLotOperations a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #2 b WHERE b.SourceLotPK=a.SourceLotPK) SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK,b.SourceLotName INTO #22 FROM #21 a JOIN #2 b ON a.SourceLotPK=b.SourceLotPK INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT b.LotName,a.SourceLotName,NULL FROM #22 a JOIN (SELECT LotPK,LotName FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) ) b on a.LotPK=b.LotPK --b的内里加不加WHERE RowDeleted=0待确定 SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,b.SNCust INTO #FinalLotNameX21 FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER b WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=b.SNMes DELETE FROM #FinalLotName INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust FROM #FinalLotNameX21 END END --1.3 IF @SNCust<>'' BEGIN SELECT Val INTO #WorkCustomSN FROM fn_String_To_Table(@SNCust,',',1) IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName)--前面两个条件至少有一个有值 BEGIN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,a.SNCust INTO #FinalLotNameX3 FROM #FinalLotName a WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkCustomSN b WHERE a.SNCust=b.Val) DELETE FROM #FinalLotName INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust FROM #FinalLotNameX3 END ELSE BEGIN SELECT a.SNMes INTO #WorkLotX FROM CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkCustomSN b WHERE a.SNCust=b.Val) -------------------以下逻辑和变量1(@LotName)类似[先凭据外部序列号求解序列号,再照搬第一个判断变量的方式] SELECT LotPK,LotName INTO #WorkLotPKX FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkLotX b WHERE b.SNMes=MMLots.LotID) --求SourceLotPK只能在这里求 SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK into #WorkSourcePKX FROM MMLotOperations a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkLotPKX b WHERE b.LotPK=a.LotPK) AND a.SourceLotPK IS NOT NULL SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK,b.LotName INTO #WorkSourcePK2X FROM #WorkSourcePKX a JOIN #WorkLotPKX b ON a.LotPK=b.LotPK INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT a.LotName,b.LotName AS SourceLotName,NULL FROM #WorkSourcePK2X a JOIN (SELECT LotPK,LotName FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) ) b on a.SourceLotPK=b.LotPK --b的内里加不加WHERE RowDeleted=0待确定 SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,b.SNCust INTO #FinalLotNameX31 FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER b WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=b.SNMes DELETE FROM #FinalLotName INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust FROM #FinalLotNameX31 ----------------------- END END /** * 2)界说全局的暂时表,用于替换第一个全局暂时表。**/ CREATE TABLE #FinalCO_SN ( SN NVARCHAR(50), SourceSN NVARCHAR(50), SNCust NVARCHAR(128), matl_def_id NVARCHAR(50),--sn的物料ID ComMaterials NVARCHAR(50), --SourceSN的物料ID MESOrderID NVARCHAR(20), OnPlantID NVARCHAR(20), VendorID NVARCHAR(20), DateCode NVARCHAR(20) , SNNote NVARCHAR(512) ) --2.1 IF @MESOrderID<>'' BEGIN -------------------------------将MESOrderID做特殊处置惩罚----------------------------------- SELECT Val INTO #WorkMESOrderID FROM fn_String_To_Table(@MESOrderID,',',1) IF @OnPlant='Comba' BEGIN UPDATE #WorkMESOrderID SET Val='C000'+Val WHERE LEN(Val)=9 END ELSE BEGIN UPDATE #WorkMESOrderID SET Val='W000'+Val WHERE LEN(Val)=9 END SELECT SN,MaterialID,MESOrderID,OnPlantID INTO #WorkCO_SN1 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE SNType='IntSN' AND SNRuleName = 'ProductSNRule' AND OnPlantID=@OnPlant AND EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkMESOrderID b WHERE a.MESOrderID=b.Val) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --条件判断(逻辑分析)开始 IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName)--如果前面判断的查询条件有值 BEGIN --查出SourceLotName对应的查询字段 SELECT a.SN AS SourceLotName,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote,a.MaterialID AS ComMaterials INTO #SourceLotNameTable FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SN=b.SourceLotName) INSERT INTO #FinalCO_SN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,d.SNCust,b.MaterialID,c.ComMaterials,b.MESOrderID,b.OnPlantID,c.VendorID,c.DateCode,c.SNNote FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN #WorkCO_SN1 b ON a.LotName=b.SN LEFT JOIN #SourceLotNameTable c ON a.SourceLotName=c.SourceLotName LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER d WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=d.SNMes END ELSE BEGIN --已知SN荟萃求解对应的SourceSN和SNCust荟萃------------------------------------------ SELECT LotPK,LotName INTO #WorkLotPK410 FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkCO_SN1 b WHERE b.SN=MMLots.LotID) SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK into #WorkSourcePK420 FROM MMLotOperations a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkLotPK410 b WHERE b.LotPK=a.LotPK) AND a.SourceLotPK IS NOT NULL SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK,b.LotName INTO #WorkSourcePK430 FROM #WorkSourcePK420 a JOIN #WorkLotPK410 b ON a.LotPK=b.LotPK INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT a.LotName,b.LotName AS SourceLotName,NULL FROM #WorkSourcePK430 a JOIN (SELECT LotPK,LotName FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) ) b on a.SourceLotPK=b.LotPK --b的内里加不加WHERE RowDeleted=0待确定 SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,b.SNCust INTO #FinalLotNameX440 FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER b WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=b.SNMes DELETE FROM #FinalLotName INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust FROM #FinalLotNameX440 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SELECT a.SN AS SourceLotName,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote,a.MaterialID AS ComMaterials INTO #SourceLotNameTable2 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SN=b.SourceLotName) INSERT INTO #FinalCO_SN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,a.SNCust,b.MaterialID,c.ComMaterials,b.MESOrderID,b.OnPlantID,c.VendorID,c.DateCode,c.SNNote FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN #WorkCO_SN1 b ON a.LotName=b.SN LEFT JOIN #SourceLotNameTable2 c ON a.SourceLotName=c.SourceLotName END END --2.2 IF @DateCode<>'' BEGIN SELECT Val INTO #WorkDateCode FROM fn_String_To_Table(@DateCode,',',1) --此@DataCode条件求解出来的是SourceSN SELECT SN AS SourceSN,MaterialID AS ComMaterials,VendorID,DateCode,SNNote INTO #WorkSourceSNT1 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkDateCode b WHERE a.DateCode=b.Val) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --条件判断(逻辑分析)开始 IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalCO_SN)--如果前面判断的查询条件有值 BEGIN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,a.SNCust,a.MaterialID,a.ComMaterials,a.MESOrderID,a.OnPlantID,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote INTO #TMP51 FROM #FinalCO_SN a WHERE EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM #WorkDateCode b WHERE a.DateCode=b.Val) DELETE FROM #FinalCO_SN INSERT INTO #FinalCO_SN SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust,MaterialID,ComMaterials,MESOrderID,OnPlantID,VendorID,DateCode,SNNote FROM #TMP51 END ELSE BEGIN IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName) BEGIN --查出SourceLotName对应的查询字段 SELECT a.SourceSN,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote,a.ComMaterials INTO #SourceLTX5 FROM #WorkSourceSNT1 a WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SourceSN=b.SourceLotName) --查出SN对应的查询字段 SELECT SN,MaterialID,MESOrderID,OnPlantID INTO #WorkSNT510 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE SNType='IntSN' AND SNRuleName = 'ProductSNRule' AND OnPlantID=@OnPlant AND EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SN=b.LotName) INSERT INTO #FinalCO_SN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,d.SNCust,b.MaterialID,c.ComMaterials,b.MESOrderID,b.OnPlantID,c.VendorID,c.DateCode,c.SNNote FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN #WorkSNT510 b ON a.LotName=b.SN LEFT JOIN #WorkSourceSNT1 c ON a.SourceLotName=c.SourceSN LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER d WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=d.SNMes END ELSE BEGIN --已知SourceSN荟萃求解对应的SN和SNCust荟萃------------------------------------------ SELECT LotPK AS SourceLotPK,LotName AS SrouceLotName INTO #WorkLotX510 FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkSourceSNT1 b WHERE b.SourceSN=MMLots.LotID) SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK into #WorkLotX520 FROM MMLotOperations a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkLotX510 b WHERE b.SourceLotPK=a.SourceLotPK) SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK,b.SrouceLotName INTO #WorkLotX530 FROM #WorkLotX520 a JOIN #WorkLotX510 b ON a.SourceLotPK=b.SourceLotPK INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT b.LotName,a.SrouceLotName,NULL FROM #WorkLotX530 a JOIN (SELECT LotPK,LotName FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) ) b on a.LotPK=b.LotPK --b的内里加不加WHERE RowDeleted=0待确定 SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,b.SNCust INTO #WorkLotX540 FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER b WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=b.SNMes DELETE FROM #FinalLotName INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust FROM #WorkLotX540 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SELECT SN,MaterialID,MESOrderID,OnPlantID INTO #WorkLotX550 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE SNType='IntSN' AND SNRuleName = 'ProductSNRule' AND OnPlantID=@OnPlant AND EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SN=b.LotName) INSERT INTO #FinalCO_SN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,a.SNCust,b.MaterialID,c.ComMaterials,b.MESOrderID,b.OnPlantID,c.VendorID,c.DateCode,c.SNNote FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN #WorkLotX550 b ON a.LotName=b.SN LEFT JOIN #WorkSourceSNT1 c ON a.SourceLotName=c.SourceSN END END END --2.3 IF @comdef<>'' BEGIN SELECT Val INTO #WorkComdef FROM fn_String_To_Table(@comdef,',',1) --此@comdef条件求解出来的是SourceSN SELECT SN AS SourceSN,MaterialID AS ComMaterials,VendorID,DateCode,SNNote INTO #WorkSourceSNT16 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkComdef b WHERE a.MaterialID=b.Val) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --条件判断(逻辑分析)开始 IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalCO_SN)--如果前面判断的查询条件有值 BEGIN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,a.SNCust,a.MaterialID,a.ComMaterials,a.MESOrderID,a.OnPlantID,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote INTO #TMP516 FROM #FinalCO_SN a WHERE EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM #WorkComdef b WHERE a.matl_def_id=b.Val) DELETE FROM #FinalCO_SN INSERT INTO #FinalCO_SN SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust,MaterialID,ComMaterials,MESOrderID,OnPlantID,VendorID,DateCode,SNNote FROM #TMP516 END ELSE BEGIN IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName) BEGIN --查出SourceLotName对应的查询字段 SELECT a.SourceSN,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote,a.ComMaterials INTO #SourceLTX56 FROM #WorkSourceSNT16 a WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SourceSN=b.SourceLotName) --查出SN对应的查询字段 SELECT SN,MaterialID,MESOrderID,OnPlantID INTO #WorkSNT5106 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE SNType='IntSN' AND SNRuleName = 'ProductSNRule' AND OnPlantID=@OnPlant AND EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SN=b.LotName) INSERT INTO #FinalCO_SN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,d.SNCust,b.MaterialID,c.ComMaterials,b.MESOrderID,b.OnPlantID,c.VendorID,c.DateCode,c.SNNote FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN #WorkSNT5106 b ON a.LotName=b.SN LEFT JOIN #WorkSourceSNT16 c ON a.SourceLotName=c.SourceSN LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER d WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=d.SNMes END ELSE BEGIN --已知SourceSN荟萃求解对应的SN和SNCust荟萃------------------------------------------ SELECT LotPK AS SourceLotPK,LotName AS SrouceLotName INTO #WorkLotX5106 FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkSourceSNT16 b WHERE b.SourceSN=MMLots.LotID) SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK into #WorkLotX5206 FROM MMLotOperations a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #WorkLotX5106 b WHERE b.SourceLotPK=a.SourceLotPK) SELECT a.LotPK,a.SourceLotPK,b.SrouceLotName INTO #WorkLotX5306 FROM #WorkLotX5206 a JOIN #WorkLotX5106 b ON a.SourceLotPK=b.SourceLotPK INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT b.LotName,a.SrouceLotName,NULL FROM #WorkLotX5306 a JOIN (SELECT LotPK,LotName FROM MMLots WITH(NOLOCK) ) b on a.LotPK=b.LotPK --b的内里加不加WHERE RowDeleted=0待确定 SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,b.SNCust INTO #WorkLotX5406 FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN CO_SN_LINK_CUSTOMER b WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.LotName=b.SNMes DELETE FROM #FinalLotName INSERT INTO #FinalLotName SELECT LotName,SourceLotName,SNCust FROM #WorkLotX5406 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SELECT SN,MaterialID,MESOrderID,OnPlantID INTO #WorkLotX5506 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE SNType='IntSN' AND SNRuleName = 'ProductSNRule' AND OnPlantID=@OnPlant AND EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SN=b.LotName) INSERT INTO #FinalCO_SN SELECT a.LotName,a.SourceLotName,a.SNCust,b.MaterialID,c.ComMaterials,b.MESOrderID,b.OnPlantID,c.VendorID,c.DateCode,c.SNNote FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN #WorkLotX5506 b ON a.LotName=b.SN LEFT JOIN #WorkSourceSNT16 c ON a.SourceLotName=c.SourceSN END END END /** * 3)条件判断竣事 **/ IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName) BEGIN IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalCO_SN) BEGIN--3.1 SELECT a.matl_def_id,b.Descript,a.MESOrderID AS pom_order_id,a.SN AS LotName,a.SourceSN AS ComLot, a.ComMaterials,c.Descript AS ComMatDes,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote, OnPlantID,SNCust FROM #FinalCO_SN a JOIN MMDefinitions b WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.matl_def_id=b.DefID JOIN MMDefinitions c WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.ComMaterials=c.DefID WHERE NOT EXISTS(select distinct SN, SourceSN from #FinalCO_SN x where x.SN = a.SourceSN and x.SourceSN = a.SN) END ELSE BEGIN--3.2 --3.2.1求解SN的必查字段 SELECT SN,MaterialID,MESOrderID,OnPlantID INTO #FinalSNX1 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE SNType='IntSN' AND SNRuleName = 'ProductSNRule' AND OnPlantID=@OnPlant AND EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SN=b.LotName) --3.2.2求解SourceSN的必查字段 SELECT a.SN AS SourceLotName,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote,a.MaterialID AS ComMaterials INTO #FinalSNX2 FROM CO_SN_GENERATION a WITH(NOLOCK) WHERE EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalLotName b WHERE a.SN=b.SourceLotName) SELECT b.MaterialID AS matl_def_id,x.Descript,b.MESOrderID AS pom_order_id,b.SN AS LotName,c.SourceLotName AS ComLot,c.ComMaterials,y.Descript AS ComMatDes,c.VendorID,c.DateCode,c.SNNote,b.OnPlantID,a.SNCust FROM #FinalLotName a LEFT JOIN #FinalSNX1 b ON a.LotName=b.SN LEFT JOIN #FinalSNX2 c ON a.SourceLotName=c.SourceLotName JOIN MMDefinitions x WITH(NOLOCK) ON b.MaterialID=x.DefID JOIN MMDefinitions y WITH(NOLOCK) ON c.ComMaterials=y.DefID WHERE NOT EXISTS( SELECT DISTINCT * FROM #FinalLotName z WHERE z.LotName=a.SourceLotName and z.SourceLotName=a.LotName ) END END ELSE BEGIN IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM #FinalCO_SN) BEGIN--3.3 SELECT a.matl_def_id,b.Descript,a.MESOrderID AS pom_order_id,a.SN AS LotName,a.SourceSN AS ComLot, a.ComMaterials,c.Descript AS ComMatDes,a.VendorID,a.DateCode,a.SNNote, OnPlantID,SNCust FROM #FinalCO_SN a JOIN MMDefinitions b WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.matl_def_id=b.DefID JOIN MMDefinitions c WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.ComMaterials=c.DefID WHERE NOT EXISTS(select distinct SN, SourceSN from #FinalCO_SN x where x.SN = a.SourceSN and x.SourceSN = a.SN) END ELSE BEGIN--3.4 PRINT 'There is no queryable condition,please enter at less a query conditon.' END ENDENDGO虽然牺牲了代码的可读性,但缔造了性能价值。

本人水平有限,还请列位不惜见教!最后,将 SSRS 报表替换成此存储历程后,SQL 查询分析器是秒查的。B/S 前端用时 1~2 秒!总结平常的你是否偶然会因急于完成任务而书写一堆性能极低的 SQL 语句呢?写出可靠性能的 SQL 语句不难,难的是习惯。本文的优化思想很简朴,关键点是制止全表扫描&注重 SQL 语句写法&索引。另外,如果你查询的表有可能会在查询时段更新,而实际业务需求允许脏读,可加 with(nolock)预防查询被更新事物阻塞。

泉源:sohu.gg/jIp59N。


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